前言

程序员们经常阅读英文资料,比如官方文档,有些技术术语很多朋友是读错的。比如:GUI。你是不是也像读 APP 这样,直接分别读了三个英文字母了。
最近在 GitHub 看到一个汇总了程序员经常读错的一些单词,请往下看。


发音

单词 正确发音(英音) 正确发音(美音) 错误发音
access /'?kses/ /??kses/ /?k'ses/
Adobe /?'d??bi/ /?'d??bi/ /??dub/
admin /'?dm?n/ /??dm?n/ /?:d'm?n/
adversarial /??dv??se?ri?l/ /??dv?r?seri?l/ /?d?v??rs?ri?l/
agile /'?d?a?l/ /??d?l/ /?'d?a?l/
amazon /'?m?z?n/ /??m?zɑ?n/ /'?meiz?n/ /?'meiz?n/
analogy /??n?l?d?i/ /??n?l?d?i/ /?n?'l?d?i/
Angular /'??gj?l?/ /???ɡj?l?r/ /'??ɡ?l?/ /'??d??l?/
AJAX /'eid??ks/ /'eid??ks/ /?'d??ks/
alias /?e?li?s/ /?e?li?s/ /?'lais/
Apache /?'p?t??/ /??p?t?i/ /?p?t?/
app /?p/ /?p/ /eipi'pi/
archive /'ɑ?ka?v/ /'ɑ?ka?v/ /'?t??v/
array /?'rei/ /??re?/ /?'rei/
ASCII /'?ski/ /??ski/ /ɑ?sk/
aspect /'?spekt/ /??spekt/ /?'spekt/
avatar /'?v?tɑ?/ /??v?tɑ?r/ /?'v?tɑ/
Azure /'???/ /????r/ /??z???/
bind /ba?nd/ /ba?nd/ /b?nd/
cache /k??/ /k??/ /k?t?/
clang /kl??/ /kl??/ /s?l??/
daemon /'di?m?n/ /?di?m?n/ /d?m?n/
debt /det/ /det/ /de'bit/
deny /d?'na?/ /d??na?/ /'d?ni/
deprecate /?depr?ke?t/ /?depr?ke?t/
deque /'dek/ /d?k/ /di'kju/
digest n. /'dɑ?d??st/ v. /dɑ?'d??st/ /da??d?est,d??d?est/ /'d?g?st/
Dijkstra Dutch:/?d?ikstra/ English:/?da?kstr?/
Django /?d???ɡo?/ /?d???ɡo?/ /di?d???ɡo?/
doc /d?k/ /d?k/ /da?k/
epoch /?i?p?k/ /?ep?k/ /'?p?t?/
execute /?eks?kju?t/ /?eks?kju?t/
executor /?ɡ?zekj?t?(r)/ /?ɡ?zekj?t?r/
event /?'vent/ /??vent/ /'?v?nt/
facade /f?'sɑ?d/ /f??sɑ?d/ /'feikeid/
fedora /f?'d??r?/ /f??d??r?/ /'fed?r?/
format /'f??m?t/ /?f??rm?t/ /f?'m?t/
gauge /ɡe?d?/ /ɡe?d?/ /ɡɑud?/
Git /ɡ?t/ /ɡ?t/ /d??t/
GNU /gnu:/ /nu?,nju?/
Grafana /gr??fɑ?n?ɑ?/ /gr??fɑ?n?ɑ?/
GraphQL /gr?f kju ?l/ /gr?f kju ?l/ /d??gr?f kju ?l/
GUI /?ɡu:i/ /?ɡu:i/
Haskell /?h?sk?l/ /?h?sk?l/ /h??sk?l/
height /ha?t/ /ha?t/ /he?t/
hidden /'h?dn/ /?h?dn/ /'ha?dn/
image /'?m?d?/ /??m?d?/ /?'me?d?/
implement /'?mpl?m(?)nt/ /??mpl?m?nt/ /??mpl??ment/ /?m'plem(?)nt/
integer /'?nt?d??/ /??nt?d??r/ /??nta?g?/
issue /'??u?/ /???u?/ /?a??u?/
Java /'d?ɑ?v?/ /?d?ɑ?v?/ /'d?ɑ?vɑ?/
jpg /'d?e?peɡ/ /'d?e?peɡ/ /?d?e??pi:?d?i?/
key /ki?/ /ki?/ /kei/
Kubernetes* /kubз'net?s/ /ku?b??'netiz/
lambda /?l?md?/ /?l?md?/ /?l??mdɑ/
linear /'l?n??/ /?l?ni?r/ /'la??/
Linux /'l?n?ks/ /?la?n?ks/ /?l?n?ks/ /?l?n?ks/ /?l?nju?ks/
locale /l??'kɑ?l/ /lo??k?l/ /?lo?k(?)l/
Lucene /lu'si?n/ /lu'si?n/ /'lu:s?n/
main /me?n/ /me?n/ /m?n/
margin /'mɑ?d??n/ /?mɑ?rd??n/ /'m?g?n/
matrix /?me?tr?ks/ /?me?tr?ks/ /?mɑ:tr?ks/
maven /'me?vn/ /?me?vn/ /'ma?vn/
Microsoft /'maikr?us?ft/ /?ma?kr?s??ft/ /'mikr?us?ft/
miscellaneous /?m?s??le?ni?s/ /?m?s??le?ni?s/
module /'m?dju?l/ /?mɑ?d?u?l/ /'m??dl/
nginx Engine X Engine X
null /n?l/ /n?l/ /na?/
obsolete /??bs?li?t/ /?ɑ?bs??li?t/
OS X OS ten OS ten /?s eks/
phantom /'f?nt?m/ /?f?nt?m/ /'p?nt?m/
parameter /p?'r?m?t?/ /p??r?m?t?r/ /'p?r?m?t?/
privilege /'pr?v?l?d?/ /?pr?v?l?d?/ /'pr?v?l?d?/
Prometheus /pr?-?mē-thē-?s/ /pro'miθ??s/
putty /?p?ti/ /?p?ti/ /?pu?ti/
Qt /kju?t/ /kju?t/
query /'kw??ri/ /?kw?ri/ /'kwa?ri/
Realm /relm/ /relm/ /ri?lm/
reconcile /?rek?nsa?l/ /?rek?nsa?l/
Redux /ri'd?ks/ /ri'd?ks/ /'ridju:ks/
resume /r?'zju:m/ /r??zu?m/ /r?'sju:m/
resolved /r?'z?lvd/ /r??zɑ?lvd/ /r?'s??vd/
resort /r??z?:t/ /r??z??rt/ /r??s?:t/
retina /'ret?n?/ /?ret?n?/ /ri'tina/
route /ru?t/ /ru?t,ra?t/ /r??t/
San Jose /s?nh?u'zei/ /s?nh?u'zei/ /s?n'ju:s/
safari /s?'fɑ?r?/ /s??fɑ?ri/ /s?f?r?/
scheme /ski?m/ /ski?m/ /s'k?m?/
scala /?skɑ?lɑ/ /?skɑ?lɑ/ /?sk??lɑ/
segue /'s?ɡwe/ /?seɡwe?/ /se'd?/
SQL /?si?kw?l/ /?es?kju??el/ /?si?kw?l/ /?es?kju??el/
sudo /'su?du?/ /'su?du?/
suite /swi?t/ /swi?t/ /sju?t/
thymeleaf /?ta?m?l??f/ /?ta?m?l??f/ /θi?m?l??f/
tuple /tj?p?l/ /tu?p?l/
typical /'t?p?kl/ /?t?p?kl/ /'ta?p?k?l/
Ubuntu /?'b?nt?/ /?'b?nt?/ /ju?'b?nt?/
Vagrant /?ve?ɡr?nt/ /?ve?ɡr?nt/ /?vag?ent/
variable /'ve?ri?bl/ /?veri?bl,?v?ri?bl/ /v?'rai?bl/
verbose /v???b??s/ /v??r?bo?s/ /'v??rbo?s/
vue /v'ju:/ /v'ju:/ /v'ju:i/
width /w?dθ/ /w?dθ,w?tθ/ /wa?dθ/
YouTube /'ju?'tju?b/ /'ju?'tju?b/ /'ju?'t?b?/

附注

当使用简名 ‘Kube’ 称呼 ‘Kubernetes’ 时, 发音则与 ‘cube’(/kju?b/) 一致。


其他相关链接

  1. 真人发音 https://www.bilibili.com/video/bv1nv411i7z3 (by @hailintao)
  2. 简洁的单词列表,正确读音不用再打开新网页 https://cpwp.netlify.app/ (by @antfu7)
  3. 国际音标严式记音(纽约音)https://github.com/b1f6c1c4/programming-pronunciations-en_US (by @b1f6c1c4)

说明

  1. 本着简单的原则, 又为了避免程序猿们出现选择困难症, '正确音标'采用了最接近有道词典音频的英式 DJ 音标, 不代表其唯一性
  2. 专业在线英语词典请参考知乎链接:在线英语词典哪个比较好?
非 Mark 整理,只优化了显示样式,资料地址:https://github.com/shimohq/chinese-programmer-wrong-pronunciation
Last modification:November 2nd, 2020 at 04:00 am
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